Electric Car Charging Standards: What Does Your EV Use?
Electric cars have been gaining massive popularity over the years. The rising concern for climate change and global warming has spurred people's interests in eco-friendly alternatives to conventional cars. Owning an electric car provides a sense of environmental consciousness, but it also offers a convenient way to save money on fuel expenses.
However, owning an electric car comes with the responsibility of finding a reliable charging station. Unlike filling up a gas tank, charging an electric car's battery requires you to know the charging standards compatible with your EV.
In this article, we'll discuss the various electric car charging standards, how they differ from one another, and which charging cable suits your car best.
1. What is an electric car charging standard?
An electric vehicle (EV) charging standard is a set of guidelines that manufacturers follow regarding EV charging port design, charging levels, and communication protocols. These standardizations ensure that EV owners can charge their cars at any public charging station without compatibility issues.
Some of the popular EV charging standards include CHAdeMO, CCS, Tesla Supercharger, and Type 2.
CHAdeMO stands for "Charge de Move" and is a DC fast-charging standard developed by the CHAdeMO Association. It was first introduced in Japan in 2010, but it is now widely adopted worldwide.
The CHAdeMO standard uses a plug that can provide up to 62.5 kW of DC power and is compatible with most electric vehicles. With CHAdeMO fast chargers, you can typically charge your EV from zero to 80% in less than 30 minutes.
CCS stands for "Combined Charging System" and is favored by most German automakers. The CCS charging standard is designed to provide charging options for AC and DC charging, with the goal of becoming a worldwide standard.
CCS is known for its two charging ports, which can provide up to 350 kW of DC power, allowing for rapid EV charging. It is currently the most widely used charging standard globally, with compatible vehicles including the Hyundai Kona Electric and the Volkswagen ID.4.
4. Tesla Supercharger
Tesla Superchargers are a proprietary charging system designed by Tesla Motors, exclusively for Tesla Electric cars. The Tesla Supercharger provides the fastest charging speeds available today, going from zero to 80% in less than 40 minutes.
With over 25,000 Superchargers worldwide, Tesla has the largest and most extensive network of DC fast charging stations. However, Tesla Supercharger stations are reserved for Tesla vehicle owners only, rendering other EV brand users incompatible.
5. Type 2
Type 2, also known as the Mennekes connector in Europe, is a charging standard used primarily in Europe. The Type 2 connector provides both AC and DC charging options, with a maximum power output of 22kW.
Type 2 connector is compatible with the majority of Electric Vehicle brands, including Audi, Renault, BMW, and Volkswagen.
In conclusion, owning an electric car requires proper understanding of the charging standards and connectors that work best for your EV. Specific charging stations adopt different charging standards, which means that having an electric car compatible with more than one standard is an added advantage.
Always ensure that your EV can handle the charging power needed at your chosen charging site to avoid overcharging, overheating, or damaging the battery. With electric cars, you can enjoy zero-emission, low-cost driving provided you understand the charging standards and their varying charging speeds..Recommend：