Development Trend and Future Layout of Charging Pile Industry in China

2023/06/22
Author: EVCOME-EV Chargers Manufacturers

1. Uneven distribution of charging infrastructure construction As of the end of June 2019, the ratio of China's new energy vehicles to public charging piles was 8.7: 1, and the ratio of vehicles to piles reached 3.5: 1 including private charging piles. At present, the construction of electric vehicle charging facilities in China is accelerating and expanding, but there are big problems in the distribution of charging facilities. The main distribution places of charging piles in China are public underground parking lots, parking places in residential areas and office areas, gas stations or expressway service areas. Among them, some places in many areas, such as underground parking lots of shopping malls, have relatively many idle charging piles, while some places with large traffic flow, such as schools and hospitals, have problems of insufficient charging piles and queuing for charging. 2. Fuel vehicles“occupy”Charging parking spaces The shortage of parking spaces in Chinese cities has been a long-standing problem. In addition, some parking lots are out of interest and some car owners are not enough.“self-discipline”, As a result, electric vehicle charging spaces are often occupied by fuel vehicles. In August 2018, the media of Beijing People’s Broadcasting Station found that there were 30 electric vehicle charging parking spaces in the parking lot on the third basement level of Beijing Jing Department Store, but 12 of them were occupied by fuel vehicles, and 3 were out of operation due to failure. Such cases are not uncommon in the urban area of ​​Beijing. The development trend of China's charging pile industry 1. Wireless charging technology Wireless charging technology mainly relies on the charging plate placed underground to emit electromagnetic waves. The induction coil on the electric vehicle receives electromagnetic waves and uses the principle of electromagnetic conversion to charge the vehicle battery. It has high safety and is easy to use. Convenient, easy to install and other advantages. In 2017, Continental launched the electric vehicle wireless charging network system and lICharge intelligent system, making the efficiency of the wireless charging system as high as 90%, and the electric vehicle can travel 20 kilometers every 20 minutes. In August 2019, BMW announced information on a wireless charging technology for electric vehicles, and has launched a pilot project in California, the United States. The wireless charging system can fully charge the vehicle battery in 3.5 hours, and the power of this system The efficiency reached 85%. 2. 5G In 2019, China has successively started the construction of 5G networks, and plans to officially launch commercial services in 2020. The development of 5G technology will also be the key point of this technology upgrade for the automotive DC charging pile industry. It will not only speed up the construction efficiency of charging pile networks, but also improve the user experience of charging pile charging services and increase the application scenarios of charging piles. . 3. Sharing economy As the sharing economy becomes more and more popular in the Chinese market, its application scope is also gradually expanding and enriching. From power banks, bicycles, umbrellas to cars and other large items, they can all become products of the sharing economy. The core of the sharing economy is to increase asset utilization and reduce depreciation and amortization costs. However, due to resistance factors such as difficulty in entering residential areas, the construction of private charging piles is relatively low in the central urban areas of first- and second-tier cities. In addition, electric vehicles are usually used for daily commuting to work, so most private charging parking spaces are basically idle during the day. In this way, the sharing of private charging piles can meet the charging needs of most electric vehicle owners. As of June 2019, there were approximately 591,000 on-board (private) charging facilities in China. Assuming that only a quarter of them can be shared, the supply of charging piles is basically close to tens of thousands of public charging stations (assuming A charging station provides 15 piles). Therefore, electric vehicles equipped with DC vehicle charging piles have the potential to become another emerging business in the sharing economy industry. .

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