Charging Modes of Electric Vehicles

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Charging Modes of Electric Vehicles

When it comes to charging electric vehicles, there are various modes available for owners to choose from. Each method varies depending on the charging speed, cost, and portability. In this article, we’ll discuss the different charging modes of electric vehicles and their benefits and drawbacks.

Level 1 Charging: Low Voltage & Low Speed

Level 1 charging is the most basic charging option, which can be done from a standard 120-volt power outlet. It delivers a 1.44 kW charge, which can give an electric vehicle up to 4-5 miles of range per hour of charging. Although it is the slowest charging method, it is still an option for those with a low daily driving range (around 40 miles) who do not use their electric vehicle for long periods.

Level 2 Charging: Medium Speed & High Voltage

Level 2 charging is an alternative that is typically installed at the owner's residence or workplace. This mode is capable of a faster charge, delivering 240 volts and approximately 7.6kW or up to 25 miles of range per hour of charging. Level 2 charging requires additional volt power compared to Level 1, meaning installation and charging costs can be higher.

DC Fast Charging: High Speed & Mega Voltage

DC Fast Charging is capable of rapidly charging an electric vehicle with an even higher voltage that can go up to 1000 volts or more. This mode offers high-speed charging for long-range driving, with DC fast charging systems often located at dedicated stations. They’re usually the mode of choice for car owners on road trips or those who frequently travel long distances.

Regenerative Braking Charging: The Charging While Braking

Regenerative braking is a charging mode that is present in most electric vehicle models. It is a process by which an electric car can recharge its battery when the brakes are applied, conserving energy that would have been lost to friction in a non-electric vehicle. By putting the vehicle into regenerative braking, drivers have the chance to save energy and boost their battery range while driving.

Wireless Charging: The Future Way

Wireless charging is the most futuristic method of charging that works on a wireless power transfer system that uses magnetic fields to generate electricity. The charging stations use coils of wire or a pad that induces an electrical current within the charging correspondents of the vehicle’s battery. This technology is still somewhat unproven, but many manufacturers are researching to create widespread of wireless charging options for electric vehicles.


Charging electric vehicles has come a long way, with various charging modes now available to achieve various results in charging speeds, range per hour and cost structure. It's essential to understand these charging modes, taking into consideration the daily commute and driving needs before deciding which method is perfect for your needs. With the potential for longer ranges and greater acceptance of electric vehicles, more efficient ways to charge batteries will eventually arrive for future electric cars.



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