AC EV Charging Connector Types For Electric Vehicle Charging
Electric vehicles are becoming more popular each day, thanks to their significant impact on the environment and the amount savings they offer in the long run. However, before purchasing an electric vehicle, you need to understand the charging system and options available. Electric vehicles' charging options were initially limited to a few public charging stations, but that has changed with the rise of home charging stations. Additionally, with the growing need to charge electric vehicles faster, the focus has shifted to alternative charging systems such as DC fast charging stations.
This article will focus on explaining the AC EV charging connector types for electric vehicle charging.
What are AC EV charging connectors?
AC EV charging connectors are designed to allow the transfer of AC power from a charging station to the electric vehicle. The connectors are available in different types, and electric vehicle manufacturers determine which connector is compatible with their vehicle. Therefore, when purchasing an electric vehicle, it is crucial to know which AC EV charging connector type the vehicle uses to ensure compatibility with the charging station you plan to use.
Here are the five types of AC EV charging connectors available on the market today:
1. Type 1 connector
The Type 1 connector, also known as the J1772 connector, is commonly used in North America and Japan. The connector is a five-pin plug that delivers AC electricity to the electric vehicle. The Type 1 connector is compatible with most electric vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf, Chevy Volt, and Toyota Prius.
2. Type 2 connector
The Type 2 connector, also known as the Mennekes connector, is primarily used in Europe. The connector is a seven-pin plug that delivers AC electricity to electric vehicles. The Type 2 connector is compatible with electric vehicles such as the BMW i3, Volkswagen Golf, and Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV.
The CHAdeMO connector is a fast-charging connector primarily used in Japanese electric vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, and Kia Soul EV. The connector can provide up to 62.5 kW DC power, and it uses two additional pins to enable fast charging. However, CHAdeMO is not compatible with all vehicles and may require an adapter for compatibility.
4. Tesla connector
The Tesla connector, also known as the Tesla High Power Wall Connector, is unique to Tesla vehicles. The connector provides up to 80 amps of AC power, which translates to about 20 miles of range per hour of charging. The connector is only compatible with Tesla vehicles and is not recommended for use with other electric vehicles.
5. Combined Charging System (CCS)
The Combined Charging System (CCS) is a fast-charging system used in Europe and North America. The connector combines a Type 2 AC connector with two additional DC pins. The CCS connector can deliver up to 350 kW DC power, making it one of the fastest charging options available. The CCS system is compatible with electric vehicles such as the BMW i3, Volkswagen e-Golf, and Ford Mustang Mach-E.
Understanding the different types of AC EV charging connectors available on the market is crucial when purchasing an electric vehicle. The type of AC EV charging connector used varies with the geographical location, making it important to research the most commonly used connector in your region. Additionally, knowing the charging speed and capacity of each connector can help you choose the best option when charging your electric vehicle..Recommend：